The Parambikulam Aliyar Project Agreement: Understanding its Significance and Implications
The Parambikulam Aliyar Project Agreement is a historic agreement signed between the Government of Tamil Nadu and the Government of Kerala in the year 1970. It was signed to facilitate the sharing of water resources from the rivers Parambikulam, Aliyar, Nirar, Sholayar, and Thunakadavu.
The origin of this agreement can be traced back to the early 20th century when both Tamil Nadu and Kerala faced water scarcity issues due to the rapidly drying up of the rivers in the region. With the passage of time, this situation worsened, leading to conflicts between the two states.
The agreement was initiated by the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, who proposed the setting up of a joint committee of officials from both states to resolve the water dispute. The committee worked tirelessly for several years, seeking various solutions that would ensure equitable distribution of water resources between the two states.
Finally, in 1970, the Parambikulam Aliyar Project Agreement was signed, and it became a landmark in the history of water resource management in India. Under this agreement, Tamil Nadu and Kerala agreed to share the water resources from the mentioned rivers in the ratio of 1:1.93. Tamil Nadu was allowed to use 2050 cubic feet per second (cusecs) of water, while Kerala was allowed to use 3950 cusecs.
The agreement also envisaged the construction of a series of dams, canals, and tunnels to regulate the flow of water and ensure optimal utilization of the water resources. As per the agreement, Tamil Nadu was given the right to operate and maintain the dams, while Kerala would receive a certain amount of revenue from the sale of electricity generated by the dams.
The Parambikulam Aliyar Project Agreement has several implications and benefits for both states. The agreement has resolved the long-standing water dispute between the two states and has ensured equitable distribution of water resources. This has resulted in increased agricultural productivity, hydropower generation, and overall economic development of the region.
The agreement has also led to the development of several tourist spots, such as the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Aliyar Dam, Sholayar Dam, and Thunakadavu Dam. These tourist spots attract thousands of visitors every year, contributing significantly to the local economy.
In conclusion, the Parambikulam Aliyar Project Agreement is a significant milestone in the history of water resource management in India. The agreement has not only resolved the water dispute between Tamil Nadu and Kerala but has also led to the development of several tourist spots, thus contributing significantly to the economic development of the region. The agreement serves as a testament to the fact that effective cooperation and collaboration can lead to the resolution of even the most complex and longstanding disputes.